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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Avesta is a Municipality in Dalarna, in central Sweden. Its seat is in Avesta with a population of 15,000. The name is first found in 1303 as Aghastadhum. Aghe is of similar origin as the word a, meaning stream, in this case the Avestadfors, a tributary of the Dalecarlia River. Stadhum is of similar origin as stead, or farm. The total area is of 616 kilometers while its population is 22,102 and density is 36 per square kilometers.
The town Avesta received partial privileges in 1641 as a town under the city of Falun, and in 1644 a copper mint was built. However, the privileges were withdrawn in 1688 due to complains of competition from its neighbour, mainly Falun. The copper coins were continued to be minted until 1831, and the copper works was in function until 1869. Full city rights were regranted in 1919. The designated coat of arms depict the signs for copper and iron.
The industrial development in Avesta municipality has been a determining factor for its economic growth and population and although the industry is losing force in the last decades, the might of the sector services continues attracting new inhabitants in the city.

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