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Den Helder

Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.

Den Helder is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Den Helder occupies the northernmost point of the North Holland peninsula. It is home to the country's main naval base. Ferries sail between Den Helder and the island of Texel to the north. The city Area is 178.83 square kilometers. In year of 2005 the city Population was 60,026 inhabitants with a density of 1,321 inhabitants per square kilometer. The major areas of Den Helder are old Den Helder, Nieuw-Den Helder, and De Schoten.
A fishing village of Huisduinen, founded around the year 1500, eventually grew into the city of Den Helder of today. Due to its strategic location at the tip of the North Holland peninsula, multiple fortifications were built in the area. The area used to be called Den Helsdeur, Gate to hell, because of the hellish fortifications that prevented enemy ships from sailing into the Zuyderzee.
During the Dutch Golden Age, ships would assemble near Den Helder and sail from there to the oceans of the world. In the 1820s, the Noordhollandsch Kanaal shipping canal was dug from Amsterdam to Den Helder. The lighthouse Lange Jaap was built in 1877 and is the tallest cast-iron lighthouse in Europe, at 63.45 metres. Den Helder acted as a naval base as early as the 18th century. The old naval dockyard of Willemsoord, now houses restaurants, a cinema, and other recreational facilities.

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