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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Guimaraes is a city and municipality in northwestern Portugal in the province of Minho and in the district of Braga. The city is often referred to as the birthplace of the Portuguese nationality and was the birthplace of Afonso I of Portugal, the first Portuguese king.
The seat of the municipality is Guimaraes city that is made of 16 parishes and, as of 2001 has a population of 50,000 inhabintants. The totality of the municipality has a population of 161,876 inhabitants in 241.3 square kilometers.
The city was founded upon much older settlements by Count Vimara Peres after his namesake, soon after he established the 1st County of Portugal. As the first capital of Portugal, Guimarães is known as the place where the country was born The Cradle City. In 1095 Count Henry of Burgundy, who had married princess Teresa of Leon, establishes in Guimaraes the 2nd County of Portugal.
The historic centre of Guimaraes was declared a World Heritage Site in 2001 by UNESCO, due to its Middle Age historical monuments. The Campus of Azurem of the Minho University is located in Guimaraes.
Guimaraes is definitely one of the popular tourist attractions in Europe worth paying a visit while touring the country. This place leaves a pleasing and unforgettable memory and justifies the proud cultural tradition of Europe.

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