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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, which is to the west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean, including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second smallest continent in terms of area and third largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Estremoz is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 514.0 square kilometer and a total population of 15,064 inhabitants. The density is 29 per square kilometer. The region around Estremoz has been inhabited since pre historic times. There are also vestiges of Roman, Visigoth and Muslim occupation. During the Reconquista, Estremoz was captured in the 12th century by the army of knight named as Geraldo Sem Pavor, who had also conquered neighbouring Evora. However, Estremoz was soon retaken by the Moors and only in the mid 13th century it was reconquered by Portuguese King Sancho II.
King Afonso III granted a letter of feudal rights to Estremoz in 1258, promoting the colonisation of that area. In the early 14th century, King Dinis I rebuilt the castle as a Royal Palace, turning the village into an important political centre. King Dinis' wife, Queen Isabel, who was considered a saint by the people, died in Estremoz castle in the year 1336. Later, many kings and queens lived in Estremoz like Peter I, who died in the St Francis Convent of the village in 1367.

Estremoz is a beautiful place. As it is often regarded as among the most beautiful parts of Europe, it is one of the most visited places amongst the most die hard travelers the world over.

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