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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Sparta is a city in southern Greece. In antiquity it was a Dorian Greek militarist state, whose territory included Laconia and Messenia, dominating over Peloponnese. During the classical age of Greece, she had the most powerful Greek army. The modern town is situated some kilometres away from the ancient site. Technically, Sparta was the name of the ancient town, Lacedaemon, was the wider city-state. Sparta is now normally used for both. The Spartans were believed to be the descendants of Heracles. It had a population is 18,184 inhabitants living within an area of 84.5 square kilometers giving a population density of 215 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The city of Sparta lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the river Eurotas. The site was strategically located; guarded from three sides by mountains and controlling the routes by which invading armies could penetrate Laconia and the southern Peloponnesus via the Langhda Pass over Mount Taygetus. At the same time, its distance from the sea, Sparta is 27 miles from its seaport, Gythium, made it difficult to blockade. Present day Sparta is the center of an agricultural plain whose focus is the local center for the processing of goods such as citrus and olives.
Greece lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Today, Greece is a developed country, member of the European and European Economic and Monetary Unions.

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