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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Trachis was a landscape in ancient Greece. It was situated south of the river Spercheios. Trachis was populated by the Malians.
Its main town was also called Trachis until 426 Before Christ, when it became Heraclea Trachinia. It is located in the west of the Thermopylae. Trachis is located just west of the western-most tip of the island of Euboea, north of Delphi. Near this place archaeologists discovered tombs from the Mycenaean period. According to Greek mythology Trachis was the home of Ceyx and Alcyone. Heracles went to Trachis after the death of Eunomus. The town is mentioned by Homer and for the last time in antiquity by Pausanias.
The settlement formerly known as Trachis was renamed Heraclea Trachis by the spartans. In antiquity the settlement was famous for being at the base of the mountain where Hercules died as well as being the place where the descendants of Hercules settled. During the Greco and Persian wars, the fertile plains of Heraclea saw the landing and encampment of the Persian army as they marched to Thermopylae. During the Greek war of Independence the area has been famous for its resistance fighters or klepts, including those who opposed the Turkish  Harach  poll tax upon agricultural commodities.

Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Trachis enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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