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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. Europe is also admired for its natural beauty and marvelous surroundings.
Abrantes is one of the popular tourist attractions in Europe that is blessed with unique and marvelous surroundings. It is a municipality in Portugal on the right bank of the river Tagus, at the junction of the Madrid-Badajoz-Lisbon railway with the Guarda-Abrantes line. With a total area of 714.7 square kilometers and a total population of 41,560 inhabitants as of 1900 census, Abrantes blends a prosperous past and flourishing present.
According to the precious archaeological findings, Abrantes is believed to be founded during the Celtic period as an Iberian settlement in 300 BC. The name Abrantes comes from the Latin Aurantes owing to the alluvial Aurum found along the Tagus. Roman mosaics, coins, the remains of an aqueduct, and other antiquities have been discovered in the neighborhood.
Abrantes has been a vital dormitory town for Portugal in the reign of Alfonso I since 1172, as it was the Spanish military order of Saint James of Compostela's first commandery in Portugal, where it soon became a distinct order, which Pope Nicholas IV in 1290 released from the jurisdiction of the Spanish.
Presently, Abrantes is the seat of Portuguese marquesses, one of which was an early patron of the Brazilian-born versatile scientist, naturalist and pioneering inventor-aeronaut Bartholomeu Lourenco de. The present mayor is Marques Carvalho, elected by the Socialist Party and the president of the municipal assembly is Jorge Costa, also elected by the Socialist Party.

The industrial development in Abrantes municipality has been a determining factor for its economic growth and population and although the industry is losing force in the last decades, the might of the sector services continues attracting new inhabitants in the city.

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