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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, which is to the west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean, including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Arnhem is a municipality. It a city in the east of the Netherlands, located on the Lower Rhine, and the capital of the Gelderland province. Arnhem had found its first mention as Oppidium Arnoldi Villa in 893. It had its real origins in 1233 when Otto II, count of Guelders from Zutphen conferred city rights on the town. Arnhem entered the Hanseatic League in 1443. In 1473, it was captured by Charles the Bold of Burgundy. In 1514, Charles of Egmond, who was the duke of Guelders, took it from the dukes of Burgundy. In 1543, it fell to the emperor Charles V.
The Groote Kerk which was built during 1452 to1560, lost most of its tower during World War II, of which a part had been reconstructed to a modern design and opened in 1964. Officially the tower is not part of the church and is owned by the municipality. The house of Maarten van Rossum, a general serving Duke Charles van Gelre, had been the town hall since 1830. During its Renaissance ornamentation, the satyrs had earned the name for it as Duivelshuis.
Arnhem has a major railway station, which is serviced by several intercity lines and the ICE to Dusseldorf and further on to Frankfurt. The intercity lines provide direct connections to Utrecht, Nijmegen and Zutphen. It is also the terminus for several local railway services. Arnhem has three other stations, namely Arnhem Velperpoort, Arnhem Presikhaaf and Arnhem Zuid. Arnhem is unique in the Netherlands with its trolleybus system.
Arnhem is a beautiful place. As it is often regarded as among the most beautiful parts of Europe, it is one of the most visited places amongst the most die hard travelers the world over.

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