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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Durham is a small city and main settlement of the city of Durham district of County Durham in North East England. It is well known for its Norman Cathedral and Castle, and is home to Durham University. HM Prison Durham is also located close to the city center. Prior to 1974 the city was sometimes known as Durham and Framwelgate.
Durham is situated 21 kilometers to the south west of Sunderland, in North East England. The River Wear flows north through the city, enclosing the centre on three sides to create Durham's peninsula. Durham is a hilly city, claiming to be built upon the symbolic seven hills. Upon the most central and prominent position high above the Wear, the cathedral dominates the skyline. The steep riverbanks are densely wooded, adding to the picturesque beauty of the city. Durham won the large town award in the Britain in Bloom awards of 2005.
The whole of the center of Durham is designated a conservation area. The conservation area was first designated on 9 August 1968, and was extended on 25 November 1980. In addition to the Cathedral and Castle, Durham contains over 630 listed buildings, 569 of which are located within the city centre conservation area. Particularly notable properties include Grade I, Chorister School, Crook Hall, Elvet Bridge, Framwellgate Bridge, Kepier Hospital, Kingsgate Bridge, Prebends Bridge.

Durham, due its various places of interest is one of the most visited places. It is also said the place of best geographical environment and can trace its origins back to prehistoric times. It is a city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, cooperative people and luxurious hotels and cottages.

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