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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
Eresos is one of Europe most popular destinations, and is well known for the quantity of cultural related attractions and monuments that the city has embraced. Eresos and its twin beach village Skala Eresou are located in the southwest part of the Greek island of Lesbos. They are charming villages visited by considerable number of tourists. Eressos and the adjacent village, Antissa, constitute the municipality Eresos-Antissa. The population of Eresos in 1991 was 1,247.
The municipality of Eresos–Antissa contains five other villages, Messotopos, Vatoussa, Hydira, Sigri and Pterounda located in the west and most barren part of the island. Bare rocky hills, derived from ancient volcanic activity, dominate the area. Skala Eressou is a center for international tourism and is a favorite spot of Greek families, young people as well as gay women. With its long beautiful beach with dark volcanic sand and its crystal-clear unpolluted water, Skala Eressou was awarded Blue Flag status by the Foundation for Environmental Education.
Its history goes back to ancient times, the first Eressian known was the historian Phalias, 650 BC, Before Christ. Sappho, the great lyric poetess was born there 630 BC, as was Theophrastus, the successor of Aristotle and father of Botany in the 4th century BC. It is remarkable that such a small provincial town could have produced such exceptional personalities.

The industrial development in this municipality has been a determining factor for its economic growth and population and although the industry is losing force in the last decades, the might of the sector services continues attracting new inhabitants in the city. It can also be considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination.

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