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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.

Pydna also Pidna was a Greek city in ancient Macedon, the most important in Pieria. Modern Pydna is a rural municipality and coastal town in the northeastern part of the Prefecture of Pieria. Pydna is situated in fertile land to the north of the Pierian plain. Hills and mountains dominate the west, while beaches and the Thermian Gulf dominate the east. Pydna is linked with GR-1/E75 through its interchange to its west and in Kitros. The old highway ran through Pydna. It is located north of Larissa, north-east of Katerini, east-south-east of Veria and west-south-west of Thessaloniki.
Pydna was already subject to Macedon under Alexander I, but later regained its independence. It was besieged by the Athenians in 432 BC, Before Christ. Pydna was brought back under Macedonian rule in 410 BC by Archelaus, who reestablished the city twenty stadia further inland. The Athenians seized Pydna in 364 BC, only to have it retaken eight years later by Philip II of Macedon, in spite of a secret agreement that bound it to Athens. Cassander besieged and captured Pydna in 317 BC and had the queen mother, Olympias, who had taken refuge there, put to death.
The Battle of Pydna, in which the Roman general Aemilius Paulus defeated King Perseus, ended the reign of the Antigonid dynasty over Macedon. The site of the city is disputed but may correspond, according to epigraphic evidence agreeing with Byzantine tradition, to the village of Kitros rather than to Alonia. Pydna is the location of a Macedonian tomb discovered and explored by León Heuzey during his archaeological expedition in 1867.

Pydna today is a town that is located near the archaeological site. Pydna has Primary and Secondary schools, banks, a post office, sports facilities, beaches located to the east, and traditional Greek Plateia town and village squares.

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