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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.

Sithonia is a peninsula located south of the central part of Chalkidikí which is also in the southcentral part of the Chalkidikí peninsula. The Kassandra peninsula lies to the west and the Mount Athos peninsula at the east. Sithonia is also a municipality, with a population of 8,891 inhabitants as of 2001. Chalkidiki is one of the prefectures of Greece located in the southeastern portion of Central Macedonia, consisting of a large peninsula in the northwestern Aegean Sea, resembling a hand with three fingers, Pallene, now Kassandra, Sithonia, and Ayion Oros, the ancient Acte, which contains Athos.
Sithonia is surrounded by the Singitic Gulf to the west and the Toronean Gulf to the east. The mountain Itamos or Dragountelis is in the center of the peninsula. In Sithonia, is the ancient city, the castle and the church of Agios Athanasios in Toroni, the windmills in Sikia and the 16th century church in Nikiti. Porto Koufo is the largest and safest natural harbor in Greece. Kartalia, the most southern part of Sithonia, puts its visitors under a spell with its rocky secluded beaches. Known for their natural beauty are the beaches Azapiko, Tristinika, Korakas, Marathias, Kalamitsi, Kriaritsi. All the villages cover the peninsula mainly in the central and the southern portions. In the middle of Sithonia peninsula, near the village of Neos Marmaras, there is the famous holiday resort of Porto Carras. The landscape is covered with forests, grasslands, and mountains.

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