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Europe is one of the five inhabited traditional continents of the Earth. Physically and geologically, Europe is the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, west of Asia. Europe is bounded to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the southeast by the waterways adjoining the Mediterranean to and including the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. On the east, Europe is divided from Asia by the water divide of the Ural Mountains and by the Caspian Sea. Europe is the world's second-smallest continent in terms of area and third-largest continent after Asia and Africa in population.
There are two versions, as far as the name of the island is concerned. According to the first one, Koufonisia was the ancient name of the gulf which is between Koufonisia and Glaronisi. As a matter of fact, the full name was Koufos Limin, which means lee port, where ships can anchor. According to the second version, which is supported by Manesis, this name was chosen because of the large number of caves and sediments without boisterous rocks that are found on the island. Anthony Miliarakis, in contrast with these two theories, wrote in his book in 1920 that Pano Koufonisi was known as Fakousa and Kato Koufonisi as Pino.
According to archaeological findings, Koufonisia were inhabited since Prehistoric Times. Excavations in Epano Mili brought into light important findings that date to the first years of Cycladic Civilization. One of the most important findings from this period is a fryer shape vessel with a nine-ray star on it, exhibited in Naxos' museum. Excavations in the east shore brought into light findings of the Hellenistic and Roman times.

Koufonisia is a cluster of two islands, Kato and Pano Koufonisi that belongs to the complex of Small East Cyclades. Geographically, it is located on the southeast side of Naxos and on the west side of Amorgos. Koufonisia also include the tiny, uninhabited island of Keros, which is a protected archaeological site from which a good number of ancient Cycladic art has been excavated in the 20th century. Today, one can also learn about its history, from its earliest times and gain enthusiasm in its natural beauty and populace. Koufonisi enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers.

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